A paternity test is a process that identifies the biological father of a child. They are often used in legal and personal matters such as child custody and support. It is a highly accurate method that determines the biological relationship between a man and a child. In South Africa, paternity tests are readily available, and the cost varies depending on several factors.
Methods of Paternity Testing
There are two main methods of paternity testing: DNA testing and Blood testing.
- DNA Testing: A DNA paternity test is the most accurate and commonly used method. It involves collecting samples of cells from the mouths of a child and the suspected father using a cotton swab. The cells are then analyzed to determine the presence of genetic markers that indicate a biological match. This type of testing is also known as a DNA profile or DNA fingerprint test.
- Blood Testing: This method is less common nowadays, and it involves analyzing blood groups and Rh factors of the child, mother, and suspected father. It is a less accurate method since blood types can be shared between close family members.
Cost of Paternity Tests in South Africa
The cost of paternity testing can vary based on several factors, including:
- The type of test required
- The complexity of the case
- The location of the testing facility
- The turnaround time required
DNA Testing Costs
DNA paternity testing is now the most commonly used type of test in South Africa. The cost ranges between R2000-R5000 or more, depending on the factors mentioned above. Some companies offer home DNA test kits that are cheaper, but the results are not admissible in court.
Blood Testing Costs
Blood testing is less accurate and less commonly used nowadays. It can cost between R1000-R3000 or more depending on the lab and the location.
Where to Get Paternity Tests Done in South Africa
There are several private labs and clinics that offer paternity testing in South Africa. Some of the popular ones include:
- DNA Solutions South Africa
- EasyDNA South Africa
- IDNA Africa
In conclusion, paternity testing is widely used in South Africa and is readily available. The cost varies depending on several factors such as the type of test required, the complexity of the case, the location of the testing facility and the turnaround time required.