How Do Braces Work

How Do Braces Work

Braces are essential dental tools to help align crooked teeth, improve facial appearance, and treat oral problems such as bite irregularities, jaw problems, or teeth crowding. Although braces have been used in dentistry for centuries, fundamental principles behind how they work have remained consistent.

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Table
  1. How Do Braces Work?
    1. Components of Braces
    2. Types of Braces
    3. The Process of Applying Braces
  2. The Duration of Braces
    1. Dental Retainers
  3. Conclusion

How Do Braces Work?

Braces work by exerting gentle and continuous pressure on our teeth, which encourages them to move towards optimal position over time.

Components of Braces

Several components make up braces, each playing a crucial role in aligning teeth. The common braces consist of:

  • Brackets: small squares bonded to the front of the teeth.
  • Bands: a ring that fits tightly around your back teeth.
  • Archwire: thin wire that runs through the brackets to control the movement of the teeth.
  • Elastic Bands: small rubber bands that are stretched between the brackets and help to move the teeth.

All of these components work together to apply pressure on teeth, which is ultimately responsible for moving them into their correct position.

Types of Braces

Over the years, orthodontists have developed different types of braces:

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  • Metal Braces: traditional braces made with stainless steel brackets with a wire and elastic ties.
  • Ceramic Braces: work like metal braces, but use clear or tooth-colored brackets that blend in more naturally with your teeth.
  • Lingual Braces: identical to metal braces but are placed behind teeth instead of front.
  • Invisalign: a removable clear aligner that snaps onto your teeth and is replaced every two weeks to keep your teeth moving in the right direction.
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The Process of Applying Braces

Before getting braces, your orthodontist will perform a comprehensive examination of your teeth to determine which type of braces are suitable for your specific needs. Once that is determined, the braces are installed in the following process:

  1. Before placing the braces, your teeth are thoroughly cleaned and dried.
  2. The orthodontist will attach brackets to your teeth by applying a special adhesive that bonds the brackets to the enamel of your teeth.
  3. The archwire is then placed into the brackets and secured with elastic bands.
  4. Adjustments are made by tightening the archwire which can help to exert more pressure on teeth to gradually shift them to their correct position.

The Duration of Braces

The length of time that braces must be worn can vary depending on different factors like the severity of a case or the age of the patient. In general, most patients will be required to wear braces anywhere between 6 months to 2 years.

Dental Retainers

After completing treatment, patients will wear dental retainers. Retainers are less visible than braces and help to hold the teeth in their new positions.

Conclusion

Braces are a widely used tool for dental correction, and the science behind how they work has improved vastly over the years. With patience and commitment to the process, braces can help correct dental issues and give you the perfect smile that you have always wanted.

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